This course presents major theories and research studies from the past 100 years that form the basis of current literacy practices and instruction and describe cognitive, linguistic, motivational, and sociocultural foundations of literacy development, processes, and components. Graduate candidates become familiar with models of literacy processes and examine and apply the models as they are related to analytic and systematic phonics instruction, whole language approaches, literature-based instruction, and balanced approaches to literacy. (10 field experience hours required) 3 credit hours